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桑寄生繁殖技术研究
韦树根, 潘丽梅, 何丽丽, 韦莹, 冀晓雯, 付金娥
0
(广西药用植物园, 广西南宁 530023)
摘要:
本文从接种方法、时间、部位及接种后的栽培管理等方面对桑寄生Taxillus chinensis(DC.)Danser的繁殖技术进行比较系统的研究,旨在为将来的桑寄生栽培提供理论依据和技术指导。试验结果表明,不同接种部位、接种时间、接种方法及管理措施对桑寄生的萌芽率、寄生率有重要的影响;模拟桑寄生野生繁殖状态,3月份将种子与鸟粪以1:5的比例拌匀后接种到桑树上部枝条并进行人工管理的萌发率和寄生率最高。本文建立了一种高效的桑寄生繁殖方法。
关键词:  桑寄生  接种  繁殖
DOI:10.13657/j.cnki.gxkxyxb.20190123.006
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(81860672,81703649,81660637和81403045),广西自然科学基金项目(2017GXNSFDA198026,2016GXNSFDA380012和2014GXNSFBAI18204)和广西卫生厅科技研究计划项目(Z2014237)资助。
Study on the Breeding Technique of Taxillus chinensis(DC.) Danser
WEI Shugen, PAN Limei, HE Lili, WEI Ying, JI Xiaowen, FU Jin'e
(Guangxi Botanical Garden of Medicinal Plants, Nanning, Guangxi, 530023, China)
Abstract:
In this paper, in order to provide theoretical basis and technical guidance for the future parasitic cultivation of the Taxillus chinensis (DC.) Danser, the breeding techniques of marigold parasitic Taxillus chinensis (DC.) Danser were systematically studied from the inoculation method, time, sites and cultivation management after inoculation. The test results showed that different inoculation sites, inoculation time, inoculation methods and management measures had important effects on the germination rate and parasitism rate of the Taxillus chinensis (DC.) Danser. In March, guano and seeds were mixed at a ratio of 1:5, and then inoculated into the upper branches of mulberry trees and artificially managed, so that the germination rate and parasitism rate were the highest. An efficient method for breeding mulberry parasite was established in this article.
Key words:  Taxillus chinensis (DC.) Danser  inoculation  breeding

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