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  • 黄国强,陈瑞芳,黄凌光,张琴,邹杰,刘海娟.北部湾渔业资源修复措施的探讨[J].广西科学学院学报,2020,36(2):151-157.    [点击复制]
  • HUANG Guoqiang,CHEN Ruifang,HUANG Lingguang,ZHANG Qin,ZOU Jie,LIU Haijuan.Discussion on Restoration Measures of Fishery Resources in Beibu Gulf[J].Journal of Guangxi Academy of Sciences,2020,36(2):151-157.   [点击复制]
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北部湾渔业资源修复措施的探讨
黄国强1, 陈瑞芳2, 黄凌光2, 张琴2, 邹杰2, 刘海娟2
0
(1.广西中医药大学海洋药物研究院, 广西南宁 530299;2.广西壮族自治区海洋研究所, 广西海洋生物技术重点实验室, 广西北海 536000)
摘要:
北部湾渔业资源由于过度捕捞和环境变动出现严重衰退。本文在总结北部湾渔业资源研究现状的基础上,结合北部湾渔业资源保护政策与制度的效果分析,提出今后除继续加强渔业资源保护的政策和制度外,应以海洋牧场建设作为修复北部湾渔业资源的主要途径,并提出北部湾海洋牧场建设要重视统筹规划与科学论证、生态环境和资源保护优先、科学选择增殖放流种类、加强管理与评价。
关键词:  渔业资源  转产转业  捕捞压力  海洋牧场  北部湾
DOI:10.13657/j.cnki.gxkxyxb.20191210.002
基金项目:外交部“中国-东盟海上合作”基金项目“中越北部湾渔业资源增殖放流与养护”和广西中医药大学2018年博士科研启动基金项目(2018BS034)资助。
Discussion on Restoration Measures of Fishery Resources in Beibu Gulf
HUANG Guoqiang1, CHEN Ruifang2, HUANG Lingguang2, ZHANG Qin2, ZOU Jie2, LIU Haijuan2
(1.Institute of Marine Drug, Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine, Nanning, Guangxi, 530299, China;2.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Guangxi Institute of Oceanology, Beihai, Guangxi, 536000, China)
Abstract:
As a result of overfishing and environmental changes,the fishery resources in Beibu Gulf declined severely. On the basis of summarizing the research on the status of fishery resources in Beibu Gulf,and combining the effect analysis of the policies and systems for protecting fishery resources in Beibu Gulf,this paper proposes that in addition to continuing to strengthen the policies and systems for protecting fishery resources in the future,the construction of marine ranching should be taken as the main way to restore fishery resources in Beibu Gulf,and it is suggested that the construction of marine ranching in Beibu Gulf should pay attention to overall planning and scientific demonstration,give priority to ecological environment and resource protection,scientifically select breeding and release types,and strengthen management and evaluation.
Key words:  fishery resources  job and industry transfer  fishing pressure  marine ranching  Beibu Gulf

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