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鳞尾木的食用和药用价值及开发现状
朱成豪1,2, 唐健民1, 高丽梅1, 邹蓉1, 史艳财1, 韦霄1
0
(1.广西壮族自治区中国科学院广西植物研究所, 广西桂林 541006;2.桂林医学院药学院, 广西桂林 541004)
摘要:
鳞尾木(Lepionurus sylvestris Bl.)是主产于云南东南部与广西西南部河谷密林或石缝间隙中的一种稀有木本野菜,其嫩茎作为当地的一种美味野生菜肴,具有丰富的营养成分和特殊的药用价值,但其资源稀少,人为破坏严重,自然栽培困难,势必会引起一场开发热潮。本文简述了鳞尾木的形态学特征、分布地、营养成分研究、活性成分研究等,并结合野菜的营养、药用价值,分析总结出鳞尾木拥有极高的开发前景,为中国原料药的研究生产和鳞尾木的合理开发提供科学的参考依据。
关键词:  鳞尾木  药用价值  食用价值
DOI:10.13657/j.cnki.gxkxyxb.20190123.004
基金项目:广西科技基地和人才专项(桂科AD17129022),广西自然科学基金项目(2015GXNSFBAA139089,2017GXNSFBA198011),广西创新驱动项目(桂科-AA17204056-1)和广西植物研究所基本业务费项目(桂植业18014)资助。
Study on the Edible, Medicinal Value and Development Status of the Lepionurus sylvestris Bl.
ZHU Chenghao1,2, TANG Jianmin1, GAO Limei1, ZOU Rong1, SHI Yancai1, WEI Xiao1
(1.Guangxi Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guilin, Guangxi, 541006, China;2.College of Pharmacy, Guilin Medical University, Guilin, Guangxi, 541004, China)
Abstract:
Lepionurus sylvestris Bl. is a rare woody wild vegetable, which is mainly produced in the dense forest or stone gap between the southeastern part of Yunnan and the southwestern part of Guangxi. In the local area, its tender stem is a delicious wild dish with rich nutrients and special medicinal value. But its resources are scarce, man-made damage is serious, and natural cultivation is difficult, which is bound to cause a development boom. In this paper, the morphological characteristics, distribution, nutrient composition, active ingredient research of the Lepionurus sylvestris Bl. are briefly described. Combined the nutrition and medicinal value of wild vegetables, Lepionurus sylvestris Bl. has been explored to have a very high development prospect. We hope to provide some scientific basis for the research and production of Chinese APIs and the rational development of the Lepionurus sylvestris Bl.
Key words:  Lepionurus sylvestris Bl.  medical value  edible value

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