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食药同源植物火麻的研究进展及开发策略
唐健民, 韦霄, 邹蓉, 高丽梅, 熊雅兰, 熊忠臣, 蒋运生
0
(广西壮族自治区中国科学院广西植物研究所, 广西植物功能物质研究与利用重点实验室, 广西桂林 541006)
摘要:
食药两用植物火麻(Cannabis sativa L.subsp.sativa)具有优良的植物油(火麻油)和植物蛋白(火麻蛋白),全身是宝,在食品、医药和工业用品行业具有巨大的市场开发潜力。随着大健康产业的发展,火麻蛋白的系列产品必将越来越深入我们的生活。国内外对火麻的研究报道比较丰富、研究方向多,但是缺少全面系统的总结分析。本文通过查阅国内外对火麻研究的文献报道,综述食药两用植物火麻的最新研究进展,找出火麻发展的不足并提出开发策略:要实现火麻产业经济,需要建立有优质的种质资源圃,健全高产优质栽培技术及火麻加工、销售体系,并对其化学成分和营养生理功能机制深入研究,才能促进火麻产业化、规模化和可持续化的发展。
关键词:  火麻  食药两用  研究进展  开发策略
DOI:10.13657/j.cnki.gxkxyxb.20190123.002
基金项目:广西自然科学基金项目(2017GXNSFBA198011),广西科技基地和人才专项(桂科AD17129022),广西植物研究所基本业务费项目(桂植业18013和桂植业18014),柳州市科技攻关项目(2016B050202)和广西教育厅科研项目(201012MS189)资助。
Research Progress and Development Strategy of Edible and Medicinal Homologous Plant Cannabis sativa L. subsp. sativa
TANG Jianmin, WEI Xiao, ZOU Rong, GAO Limei, XIONG Yalan, XIONG Zhongchen, JIANG Yunsheng
(Guangxi Key Laboratory of Functional Phytochemicals Research and Utilization, Guangxi Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guilin, Guangxi, 541006, China)
Abstract:
Edible and medicinal homologous plant Cannabis sativa L. has excellent vegetable oil (Hemp Seed Oil) and vegetable protein (hemp protein), the whole body is treasure. In the food, pharmaceutical and industrial products industries, it has huge markets and development potential. With the development of the big health industry, the hemp protein series products will surely become deeper into our lives. Domestic and foreign research reports on Cannabis sativa L.are relatively rich and research directions are numerous, but it is lack of comprehensive and systematic summary and analysis. In this paper, by comprehensively consulting the literature reports on hemp research at home and abroad, the latest research progress of the edible and medicinal homologous plant Cannabis sativa L.were reviewed, and the shortcomings of the development were found out and the development strategies were proposed. In order to realize the industrial economy of Cannabis sativa L., it is necessary to establish fine germplasm resource nursery, improve high-yield and high-quality cultivation technology and flax processing and marketing system, and conduct in-depth research on its chemical substances and physiological and nutritional functions, so as to promote the industrialization, scale and sustainable development of hemp.
Key words:  Cannabis sativa L. subsp. sativa  edible and medicinal plant  research progress  development strategy

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