引用本文
  • 粟启仲,雷学铁,刘国强,孙燕,劳齐斌,孙田力.广西北部湾近岸海域近20年赤潮灾害特征分析[J].广西科学,2022,29(3):552-557.    [点击复制]
  • SU Qizhong,LEI Xuetie,LIU Guoqiang,SUN Yan,LAO Qibin,SUN Tianli.Characteristics of Red Tide Disaster in Coastal Waters of Beibu Gulf of Guangxi in Recent 20 Years[J].Guangxi Sciences,2022,29(3):552-557.   [点击复制]
【打印本页】 【在线阅读全文】【下载PDF全文】 查看/发表评论下载PDF阅读器关闭

←前一篇|后一篇→

过刊浏览    高级检索

本文已被:浏览 41次   下载 71 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
广西北部湾近岸海域近20年赤潮灾害特征分析
粟启仲1,2, 雷学铁1,2, 刘国强1,2, 孙燕1, 劳齐斌2, 孙田力3
0
(1.国家海洋局北海海洋环境监测中心站, 广西北海 536000;2.自然资源部海洋环境探测技术与应用重点实验室, 广东广州 510000;3.自然资源部海洋减灾中心, 北京 100194)
摘要:
本研究对广西北部湾近岸海域2002-2021年发生的20次赤潮灾害进行综合分析,结果表明:近20年广西近岸海域赤潮平均每年发生1次,发生面积约为384 km2,持续时间为3.65 d,主要集中在春夏季,近10年(2012-2021年)相对前10年(2002-2011年)赤潮发生面积增加(18倍)。引发赤潮的生物种类共有10种,其中次数最多的是球形棕囊藻(Phaeocystis globosa),其次是夜光藻(Noctiluca scintillans)、水华微囊藻(Microcystis flos-aquae)和红海束毛藻(Trichodesmium erythraeum),但近10年不断有新的赤潮藻种出现。赤潮发生总数中,有毒或有害赤潮11次,分别为球形棕囊藻4次,夜光藻和水华微囊藻各3次,链状裸甲藻(Gymnodinium catenatum)1次。广西近岸海域赤潮发生的分布范围广,2008年以前主要发生在北海市涠洲岛海域,2008年以后钦州市三娘湾和三墩岛海域、北海市廉州湾及防城港市防城湾陆续开始发生赤潮。通过综合分析近20年北部湾近岸海域赤潮发生和分布的基本特征,为北部湾赤潮预警预报及治理工作提供科学依据。
关键词:  赤潮预警监测  赤潮灾害  分布特征  赤潮藻种  北部湾
DOI:10.13656/j.cnki.gxkx.20220720.018
投稿时间:2022-03-07
基金项目:广西自然科学基金项目(2020GXNSFBA297065),国家重点研发计划(2017YFC1404300)和广西科技基地和人才专项(桂科AD20238018)资助。
Characteristics of Red Tide Disaster in Coastal Waters of Beibu Gulf of Guangxi in Recent 20 Years
SU Qizhong1,2, LEI Xuetie1,2, LIU Guoqiang1,2, SUN Yan1, LAO Qibin2, SUN Tianli3
(1.Marine Environmental Monitoring Centre of Beihai, State Oceanic Administration, Beihai, Guangxi, 536000, China;2.Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Survey Technology and Application, Ministry of Natural Resources, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510000, China;3.Marine Disaster Reduction Center, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing, 100194, China)
Abstract:
In this study, 20 red tide disasters occurred in the coastal waters of Beibu Gulf in Guangxi from 2002 to 2021 were comprehensively analyzed. The results showed that the red tide occurred once a year on average in the coastal waters of Guangxi in recent 20 years, with an area of about 384 km2 and the duration of 3.65 d, mainly concentrated in spring and summer. The occurrence area of red tide in recent 10 years (2012-2021) increased by 18 times compared with that in the previous 10 years (2002-2011). There are 10 species of organisms causing red tides, among which Phaeocystis globosa is the most frequent one, followed by Noctiluca scintillan, Microcystis flos-aquae and Trichodesmium erythraeum. However, new species of red tide algae have emerged continuously in recent 10 years. Among the total number of red tides, there were 11 toxic or harmful red tides, 4 times of P.globosa, 3 times of N.scintillan and M.flos-aquae, and 1 time of Gyrnnodinium catenatum.Red tides occurred widely in coastal waters of Guangxi. Before 2008, they mainly occurred in Weizhou Island of Beihai city. After 2008, red tides also began to occur in Sanniang Bay and Sandun Island of Qinzhou City, Lianzhou Bay of Beihai City, and Fangchenggang Bay of Fangchenggang City. The basic characteristics of occurrence and distribution of red tides in the coastal waters of Beibu Gulf in recent 20 years are comprehensively analyzed to provide a scientific basis for the early warning forecast and management of red tides in Beibu Gulf.
Key words:  red tide warning and monitoring  red tide disasters  distribution characteristics  red tides species  Beibu Gulf

用微信扫一扫

用微信扫一扫