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  • 陆树华,谭艳芳,李冬兴,黄甫昭,王斌,陈婷,李先琨.广西岩溶地区火龙果生态产业的培育及其发展[J].广西科学,2018,25(5):524-531.    [点击复制]
  • LU Shuhua,TAN Yanfang,LI Dongxing,HUANG Fuzhao,WANG Bin,CHEN Ting,LI Xiankun.The Cultivation and Development of Dragon Fruit Eco-industry in Karst Area of Guangxi[J].Guangxi Sciences,2018,25(5):524-531.   [点击复制]
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广西岩溶地区火龙果生态产业的培育及其发展
陆树华, 谭艳芳, 李冬兴, 黄甫昭, 王斌, 陈婷, 李先琨
0
(广西壮族自治区中国科学院广西植物研究所, 广西桂林 541006)
摘要:
火龙果起源于美洲,广泛分布于热带和亚热带地区。由于火龙果采用景天酸代谢途径(CAM)进行光合作用,耐旱性极强。广西岩溶地区石漠化十分严重,生态条件恶劣,结合火龙果的生物学特性,在石漠化山区引种火龙果并针对种植过程中存在的技术瓶颈,开展相关研究,在诸多关键技术上进行了创新和集成应用,促进了火龙果产业的快速发展,取得了显著的经济效益和生态效益。本文总结和分析了火龙果产业发展过程中存在的问题,结合在以色列访学过程中参与火龙果相关研究的体会,探讨了开展火龙果国际合作研究的必要性。
关键词:  火龙果  景天酸代谢  石漠化  生态产业  以色列
DOI:10.13656/j.cnki.gxkx.20181030.005
投稿时间:2018-01-29
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题(2016YFC0502405),广西创新驱动发展专项(桂科AA17204097)和广西科学院基本科研业务费项目(2017YJJ23018)资助。
The Cultivation and Development of Dragon Fruit Eco-industry in Karst Area of Guangxi
LU Shuhua, TAN Yanfang, LI Dongxing, HUANG Fuzhao, WANG Bin, CHEN Ting, LI Xiankun
(Guangxi Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science, Guilin, Guangxi, 541006, China)
Abstract:
Dragon fruit originated in the Americas and is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. Because dragon fruit uses photosynthetic pathway (CAM) for photosynthesis,its drought tolerance is extremely strong.Rocky desertification in the karst area of Guangxi is very serious and the ecological conditions are very poor.Combining the biological characteristics of dragon fruit,dragon fruit was introduced to the rocky desertification mountainous area and relevant research on the technical bottleneck existing in the planting process was carried out,and numerous key technologies were innovated and integrated to application,which promoted the rapid development of dragon fruit industry and achieved significant economic and ecological benefits.Summarize and analyze the problems existing in the development of dragon fruit industry,and explore the necessity of conducting international research on dragon fruit in combination with the experience of participating in dragon fruit related research in the process of visiting Israel.We also summarized and analyzed the problems existing in the development of dragon fruit industry. Combined with the experience of participating in the research on dragon fruit in the process of visiting Israel,the necessity of conducting international research on dragon fruit was discussed.
Key words:  dragon fruit  CAM  rocky desertification  eco-industry  Israel

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